Developed by Select Botanicals Group, Palisade® Brand YCR 4 is known for its high yield and unique aroma profile. The variety has low susceptibility to powdery mildew but has good pickability of medium to large cones. With 5.5% to 9.5% alpha acids and 6% to 8% beta acids, the alpha-to-beta ratio resembles more that of Tettnanger than Fuggle, but the alpha levels are considerably higher than that of either. Cohumulone content is 24% to 29%, which is similar to that of both Fuggle and Tettnanger. The oil profile, however, is very dissimilar to either. Palisade has average storage characteristics. When harvested early in the season, Palisade has a gentle, pleasant aroma that blends well with beers having a delicate flavor profile, but when harvested later Palisade becomes rather aggressive and pungent. The aroma can vary widely as a result. On average, however, Palisade shows a range of tropical fruit aromatics and is sometimes reminiscent of mango, with notes of apricot and freshly cut grass. Many American craft brewers treat Palisade as a good “blending hop,” a character actor that supports other hops in leading roles. It blends particularly well with Amarillo and Cascade and has found its way into many American West Coast pale ales and India pale ales.
Palisade® Brand YCR 4 cv. was bred by by Chuck Zimmerman, at Yakima Chief Ranches who recorded it as an open-pollination product of Tettnanger It was developed as a dual purpose hop with moderate bittering potential and unique aromas.
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Aroma & Flavour Characteristics
Specific aroma descriptors include notes of mango, apricot, and freshly cut grass alongside clean floral characteristics.
Typical Beer Styles
- American Pale Ale
- English Ales
- Golden Ale
- Pale Ale
Typical Brewing Specification
Alpha Acid 6.5 - 10%
Beta Acid 5.5 - 8%
Co-humulone 26 - 28%
Total Oil 0.8 - 2 mL/100g
B-Pinene 0.6 - 0.8% of total oil
Myrcene 45 - 52% of total oil
Linalool 0.4 - 0.6% of total oil
Caryophyllene 8 - 16% of total oil
Farnesene < 1.0% of total oil
Humulene 10 - 20% of total oil
Geraniol 0.1 - 0.5% of total oil
General Trade Perception
- Craft brewers treat Palisade as a good “blending hop,” a character actor that supports other hops in leading roles.
Craft Beer Examples